Legal Aptitude Quiz-3

Dear Readers,

Legal Aptitude is an important subject in CLAT,DULLB & Other Law Exams. In any of law exam, legal aptitude carries weightage of 25 % of questions. With focused practice good marks can be fetched from this section. These questions are very important in achieving your success in CLAT, DULLB and Other Law Exams..

Q1.  Which of the following is correct?
  •  A public company must have at least three directors.
  •  A public company must have at least hundred shareholders and at least two directors.
  •  A public company must have at least ten shareholders and at least two directors.
  •  None of these
As per the provisions of Companies Act 1956, the minimum number of directors for Public Limited Company is 3 and for Private Limited Company is 2.

Q2. Which of the following is correct?
  •  A person can be director of one company only at a time.
  •  A person cannot be director of more than two companies at a time.
  •  A person cannot be director of more than twenty companies at a time.
  •  No such limit is fixed.
Under Companies Act 1956 Section 165 (1), if a person is already a Director in 20 Companies or he is already a Director in more than 10 Public Limited Companies within the overall limit of 20 Companies as aforesaid, he cannot be a Director in any other Company breaching the above threshold limit.

Q3. Which of the following right is available on a software?
  •  Copyright
  •  Patent
  •  Trademark
  •  Right under Integrated Circuit Layout Act
Copyright is a legal right that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution for lifetime plus 60 years after his death. Software can also be protected under copyrights

Q4. Who was the first Attorney General of India?
  •  M.C. Setalvad
  •  H.J. Kania
  •  C.K. Daphtary
  •  M.C. Chagla
MC Setalvad was an eminent Indian jurist, who became the first and longest serving Attorney General for India. He was also the Chairman of the First Law Commission of India.

Q5. Prospective Legislation means:
  •  it can be applied from a future date
  •  it cannot be applied from a future date
  •  both (A) and (B)
  • Neither (A) nor (B)
 A law is said to be prospective (as opposed to retrospective) when it is applicable only to cases which shall arise after the law is brought in effect.

Q6. Stare decisis means:
  •  It is necessary to abide by former precedents when the same points arise again in litigation
  •  It is not necessary to abide by former precedents when the same points arise again in litigation
  •  both (A) and (B)
  •  Neither (A) nor (B)
The principle of stare decisis refers to doctrine of binding precedents and is embodied in Article 141 of the Constitution of India. It provides that the law declared by Supreme Court shall be binding on all courts within the territory of India. 'Stare decisis' means ‘to stand by decided cases’.

Q7.In Islam, ..................... is the period, a woman must observe after the death of her spouse
or after a divorce, during which she may not marry another man.
  •  Nikah
  •  Mehr
  •  Iddat
  •  Talaq
Iddatis the period a woman must observe after the death of her spouse or after a divorce, during which she may not marry another man. It is a period of 3 months

Q8. A contingent Contract is:
  •  void
  •  valid
  •  voidable
  •  illegal
Section 31 of the Contract Act defines contingent contracts as “ A contract to do or not to do something, if some event, collateral to such contract does or does not happen.” Such contracts are valid under Indian Contract Act 1872.

Q9. An insolvent person is:
  •  not able to work
  •  bankrupt
  •  financially unsound
  •  infirm
Insolvent is a person who is unable to meet debts or discharge liabilities i.e. bankrupt.

Q10. Adoption of a hostile act (nevertheless lawful) by one state as a measure of retaliation against the injurious acts of another state is known as:
  •  War
  •  Sanction
  •  Retortion
  •  Reprisal
The use of force by states can either be lawful or unlawful. Employment of hostile act nevertheless lawful is called Retortion. On the other hand if the force employed was illegal it is called Reprisal.

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