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Legal Aptitude Quiz-14



Dear Readers,

Legal Aptitude is an important subject in CLAT,DULLB & Other Law Exams. In any of law exam, legal aptitude carries weightage of 25 % of questions. With focused practice good marks can be fetched from this section. These questions are very important in achieving your success in CLAT, DULLB and Other Law Exams..

Q1. The starting point of an agreement is:
  •  Offer
  •  Invitation to offer
  •  Advertisement
  •  Acceptance
Solution
When one person signifies to another his willingness to do or to abstain from doing anything, with a view to obtaining the assent of that other to such act or abstinence, he is said to make a proposal/offer. Offer is the starting point of a contract.

Q2. Which of the following is an invitation to offer?
  •  A catalogue
  •  A Railway time table
  •  Bids
  •  Request for loan
Solution
When one or many party/persons are invited to present or make an offer, it is called as invitation to offer. For example Advertisements invite consumers to make an offer to buy the product advertised.

Q3. Which of the following ingredients is not necessary for contract?
  •  Proposal
  •  Consideration
  •  Acceptance
  •  Property
Solution
Essential ingredients of a valid contract does not include existence of property.

Q4. An acceptance with a variation is:
  •  Acceptance
  • Counter offer
  •  Retaliatory offer
  •  Cross Offer
Solution
A counter offer is an offer made in response to another offer, which was seen as unacceptable. A counter offer revises the initial offer, making it more appealing for the person making the new offer. Responding with a counter offer allows a person to decline on a previous offer, while allowing negotiations to continue.

Q5. Consideration must be of some value, but need not be:
  •  Inadequate
  •  Minimum
  •  Adequate
  •  Maximum
Solution
 Adequacy of consideration is not an essential ingredient of a valid contract.

Q6. Which of the following is/are not a wagering contract/s?
  •  Crossword
  •  Crossword
  • Share market transaction
  • All of the above
Solution
A wagering contract is a contract by which a promisor agrees that upon the occurrence of an uncertain event or condition he or she will render a performance for which there is no agreed consideration exchanged, and under which the promisee or the beneficiary of the contract is not made whole for any loss caused by such occurrence (as in options, insurance contracts, trading in futures, or betting contracts).

Q7. A party to a contract can be discharged from performing it, if it has become
  •  Expansive
  •  Onerous
  •  Commercially unviable
  •  Impossible
Solution
Sec 56 of Indian Contract Act 1872 provides for discharge of parties from performance of contract if it has become impossible.

Q8. A promise without an intention of performance is:
  •  Mistake
  •  Fraud
  •  Mischief
  •  Mischief
Solution
A promise made without an intention of performance of the promise is Fraud under Indian Contract Act 1872, (Sec 17).

Q9.    Which of the following countries has introduced a law which allows citizens to cast vote through mobile phones?
  •  Sweden
  •  Estonia
  • Finland
  •  Switzerland
Solution
Estonia became the first nation to hold legally binding general elections over the Internet with their pilot project for the municipal elections in 2005, The electronic voting system withstood the test of reality and was declared a success by Estonian election officials. The Estonian parliamentary election, 2007 also used Internet voting.
140. b In criminal cases the prosecution represents the state.

Q10. Duty of the public prosecutor is to represent the:
  •  Police
  •  State
  •  Victim
  • None of the above
Solution
Mahatma Gandhi, Sardar Patel and Rajendra Prasad all pursued education in the field of law.

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